What are the Most Important Types of LAW? – Answered

2. National or municipal law:

It is the law that applies within the territorial limits of a particular State. It is further divided into (a) Constitutional law (b) Ordinary law.

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3. Constitutional law:

Constitutional law is the fundamental political law of the State. As distinct from ordinary law, it deals with questions involving organization of the State, distribution of power and functions among various organs of the State, relations between the ruler and the ruled and such other basic political questions. It may be written or unwritten, evolved or enacted. However, in the U.K. the distinction between constitutional and ordinal^ laws does not exist.

4. Ordinary law:

Ordinary laws of the State include all laws other than constitutional laws of the State. In certain States where the distinction between constitutional and ordinary law exists, ordinary law can be valid only if it is in consonance with the constitutional law of the State. Ordinary law can be further classified as (a) Private law and (b) Public law.

5. Public Law:

It is a branch of ordinary law. As different the State and individuals. Thus, it regulates the conduct of individual citizen with the authority of the State. It is further divided into (a) Administrative law and (b) General Law.

6. Administrative law:

As a branch of pubic law, it regulates the behaviour of officials in relation to the State authority. In certain continental States like France, administrative laws applied by administrative courts. Ordinary courts of laws do not deal with administrative laws. But in other States, such provisions do not exist. In such States, the courts deal with both ordinary and administrative laws.

7. General Law:

As the other branch of public law, it deals with the relationship of private individual with the authority of the State.

8. Private law:

Private law is a branch of ordinary law. It regulates the relationship between a private individual with other private individuals. The State is not a party to it. It covers laws relating to marriage, divorce, contract, inheritance, etc.

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