The investment of India in higher education is undoubtedly significant. The world-class higher education institutions in India now are: The Indian Institute of Technology, The Indian Institutes of Management and a few others such as the All-India Institute of Medical Science. Underinvestment in libraries, information technology, laboratories and classrooms are the drawbacks of the educational institutions.
India’s competitors in providing higher education like China, Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea are ahead of India. They provide education to a large number of students and at the same time they encourage students to do research in the research-based institutions which compare with the world’s best institutions. A London Times Higher Education supplement lists two hundred best universities in the world, and among these, two universities in China, three in Hong Kong, three in South Korea, one in Taiwan and one in India are included. It is a pity that India being one of the biggest democracies and having a large population finds the last place in the list. India has resources in every field but they are not used properly.
The latest trend like the appointment of part-time teachers and the freeze on the full-time appointment of teachers affect the efficient functioning of colleges and universities. The occasional students’ unrest and the teachers’ agitations disrupt the functioning of the educational institutions.
The University Grants Commission, the academicians and the top educational authorities should pay more attention in developing the higher education system in India.